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Friday, 21 February 2014

Musyawarah Lokal XXI ALSA Lc Unair


Hai ALSAians.

Mengundang seluruh anggota, local board dan mas-mbak alumni ALSA Local Chapter Universitas Airlangga untuk hadir dalam Musyawarah Lokal XXI ALSA Lc Unair pada

Hari/tanggal : Jumat-Sabtu/ 22-23 Februari 2014
Waktu         : 08.00 WIB
Tempat        : R. 308 Gedung B Fakultas Hukum Universitas Airlangga Surabaya

Dalam Musyawarah Lokal XXI ALSA Lc Unair akan membahas pertanggungjawaban program kerja pengurus ALSA Lc Unair perioder 2013-2014 dan pemilihan Director ALSA Lc Unair periode 2014-2015.

Di mohon sangat untuk kehadirannya, demi kemajuan ALSA Lc Unair.

Terimakasih

ALSA, Always Be One

Wednesday, 19 February 2014

Legal Review : "Civil Law System"

Civil Law System
by : Noorila Ulfa

Each state has their own way to rule and to apply their law and other legal activities. The way to rule and to maintain the states is depend on their chosen legal system. Legal system in the world can be divided into two major systems. There are civil law system and common law system. The civil law is commonly widespread in Europe, while the common law is the basis of the legal system of most English-speaking nations. Countries that adopt common law are for instance Australia, U.S., Canada, New Zealand, and Singapore. On the other hand, civil law system is adopted in Indonesia, Japan, Germany, Norway, Dutch and so on.

According to Lawrence M. Friedman, legal system is combination of legal structure, legal substance, and the legal culture, in which one relates to another in order to achieve certain target. In accordance with this idea, it can be concluded that legal system comprises of three components such as legal structure, legal substance, and legal culture.

Due to having definitely different cultural characteristic in each state, legal culture is literally the most influential of all. According to Lawrence M. Friedman, legal culture can be defined as “…people’s attitudes toward Law and legal system? Their believe, values, ideas, and expectations, … the legal culture, in other word, is the climate of social though and social force which determines how Law is used, avoided, or abused. Without legal culture, the legal system is inert? A dead fish laying in the bustard not a living fish swimming in its sea.” Furthermore, as cited in Journals Annual Review 2007 by University of Wisconsin, other scholars have had their own definitions. “Think of the law as a kind of machine. The machine has a structure. It also has a program of outputs. And it has directions: how to turn it on and off, how to make it run smoothly, and so on. But the decision, whether to turn it on or off, how to use it, whether to fix it or smash it with a hammer, depends on the decisions of actual people—the workers and bosses in the factory. And their attitudes, values, and opinions are what make them decide what to do. It would be hard to deny that culture in this sense is a crucial element in any legal system. Every person has his or her own legal culture, and perhaps no two are the same. But there are undoubtedly measurable patterns as well.” Therefore, there is no doubt that culture is the strong basis to adopt which legal system a country has. Cultural aspect itself can be divided into five points such as history, tradition, legitimacy, morality, and legal thinking.

Historically, civil law system is on the basis of Roman law, whose central place was on Constantinople. Roman law came from Codex Justitianus which was derived from habitual law. Besides Roman law, there is also Canon law which comes from the rule of the church, for instance BW (Burgelijk Wetboek) about monogamy. Other historical aspects of civil law are law of sovereign and customary law.

The second point is about legal tradition. Some scholars have tried to show that legal tradition has had a lasting effect on behavior and thought in, say, France, Germany, and the United States (Whitman 2000, 2003). Law is consciously enacted and enforced by sovereign. Moreover, the typical law is statute which is the product of legislature or codification. Function of the judge is to interpret the law and apply the norm but he should not create a norm by himself. Judge applies the law concretely or known as rechtsvinding. On the one hand, legitimacy is also part of cultural aspect since it is authoritative and hierarchical. Morality can be separated into two aspect, internal and external, while legal thinking must be deductive.

The other aspect of legal system is the structure of law. In addition, the structure of law gives the procedural system towards the legal framework. There are law, legislature, and court. If there is one who wants to appeal a case, the procedural way is to let the court to interpret the law that comes from the legislature. The legislature comprises of legislative-made (e.g. the Acts) and executive-made (e.g. Regional Regulation). Since the state adopts civil law system, the main source of law is legislation or statute or codification. Judge is given broad discretion to interpret laws, because the judge is not bound toward the precedent. It denotes that the big difference between civil law and common law is that the civil law does not adopt the doctrine of stare decisis. Besides, this civil law adopts inquisitorial system. Judge has a big role to direct and to decide tha case. Rather, judge tries a fact and values accurately to the material evidence. The judge attempts to get the complete process of occurrence since the very beginning.

The last aspect is substance of law which consists of primary rules and secondary rules. Primary rules contain law of procedures and substantive law. The substance of law contains law, procedures, regulation, and decision. Hence, it deals with the rules to regulate the law. Furthermore, the characteristic of legislation made by the legislative is more general and abstract while the executive-made is more about technical. The legislation made by the executive is used to explain further about some matters.

Therefore, there are the slight comparisons to common law system.

· The system applies the doctrine of stare decisis (precedent doctrine). The subsequent judge is compulsory to apply the previous judicial decision on the similar case. Hence, judge may eliminate or deny the case.

· The judge has a narrow discretion

· The previous decisions may be distinguished if only the subsequent judge for the similar case asserts that there be some new factor should be taken into account.

· It adopts adversary system. It signifies that the Court has to comply with the case law.

· In this law system there are public prosecutor, counselor represents defendant, jury that consists of 12 jurors, and judge who plays his or her role as a referee of the conflicting parties. The judge possibly gives a command to the jury to take the decision. All the jurors must vote unanimously whether someone is guilty. Thus, the final decision is always made if they are finally in one voice. The final verdict somehow must be then dealt by the judge.

Since Indonesia was a Dutch colony, the legal system is influenced by civil law. Acceptability and recognition of materials as legal rules by all member of society are the key elements of formal sources of law in the form of legislature’s and other government agencies products, custom, and treaties. The Indonesian Law comes into being since the Proclamation of Independence, August 17, 1945. The 1945 Constitution is a basic law adopted on August 18, 1945 (Marzuki, 2011). The hierarchy of Indonesian laws and regulation according to article 7 paragraph 1 of Act no. 12 of 2011 on the Making of Laws and Regulations is:

a. The 1945 Constitution;

b. People’s Consultative Assembly Decree;

c. Law/Government Regulation in Lieu-of-Law;

d. Government Regulation;

e. Presidential Regulation;

f. Regional Regulation; and

g. Regency/Municipality Regulation.

========================================================================

References

Friedman LM. 1987. Popular Legal Culture: Law, Lawyers, and Popular Culture. Yale Law J. 98:1579

Friedman LM. 2005. Coming of Age: Law and Society Enters An Exclusive Club on Annual Review of Law and Social Science. Madison: University of Wisconsin.

Marzuki PM. 2011. An Introduction to Indonesian Law. Malang: Setara Press. 1:292

Whitman JQ. 2003. Harsh Justice: Criminal Punishment and the Widening Divide Between America and Europe. New York: Oxford Univ. Press

Seminar Nasional "Strategi Mengatasi Ancaman Kepailitan terhadap Perusahaan Solven"


Hai ALSAians!!

Sebagai salah satu rangkain acara dalam Seminar & Musyawarah Nasional XXI ALSA Indonesia (Semunas XXI ALSA Indonesia)

ALSA Lc Unair presents 
Seminar Nasional "Strategi Mengatasi Ancaman Kepailitan Terhadap Perusahaan Solven"

Hari/Tanggal : Senin / 10 Maret 2014
Tempat         ; Ruang 303 Gedung A Fakultas Hukum Universitas Airlangga Surabaya
Waktu          ; 07.30 s/d selesai

Pembicara
Dr. M. Hadi Subhan, S.H., M.H., C.N (Akademisi Hukum Kepailitan FH Unair Surabaya)
Hendronoto Soesabdo, S.H., LL.M (Lawyer Hadiputranto, Hadinoto & Partners)
Yulianto S.H., M.H., (Advokat & Kurator)

Biaya Pendaftaran 
Mahasiswa S-1 : Rp 40.000
Mahasiswa S-2 : Rp 50.000
Umum               : Rp 100.000

Contact Person ; Sema 081 2345 474 56

More info : bit.ly/semnasalsa

ALSA, ALWAYS BE ONE!!

Event Report : NMCC ALSA Indonesia Piala Mahkamah Agung R.I 2014


#UNAIRFORNMCCALSA2014


Tanggal 7-10 Februari lalu ALSA Lc Unair mewakili Fakultas Hukum Unair mengikuti Kompetisi Peradilan Semu Asian Law Students' Association (ALSA) National Chapter Indonesia Piala Mahkamah Agung 2014. Pada tahun ini NMCC (National Moot Court Competition) diadakan oleh ALSA Lc Unej ( Universitas Jember), Jawa Timur.

Tim Delegasi NMCC ALSA Lc Unair yakni terdiri dari Leonardus S. Sagala, Rendi Alfonsius Simanullang, Chrisna Immanuel, Rizka Alifia Fardani, Elisabeth Kezia L.,Samuel Dharma Putra N.,Kristin Sandi Tari P, Idriansyah Faqul Aslam, Ahmad Firdaus M.,Widya Ruchiatna H., Nadia Intan Belinda, Mirza Febriyanto, Adri Naufal S., Lintang Yudhantaka, Franciska Mifanyira Sutikno, Fatma Ayu Husnasari, Novita Try Jayanti, Dea Putri Fajarini, &Yogi Hidayat

Universitas Airlangga berada pada 1 grup dengan Universitas Indonesia, Universitas Sriwijaya, & UNiversitas Hassanudin. Puji syukur, ALHAMDULILLAH. Perjuangan, usaha, dan doa delegasi Universitas Airlangga berhasil masuk ke babak final dan meraih prestasi yang sangat membanggakna bagi kita semua

Adapun prestasi yang diperoleh olehh Delegasi Universitas Airlangga :

Pada babak penyisihan :
Panitera Terbaik : Elisabeth Kezia L
Penasihat Hukum Terbaik : Leonardus S. Sagala
Penuntut Umum Terbaik : Kristin Sandi Tari P & Rendi Alfonsius Simanullang
Majelis Hakim Terbaik : Samuel Dharma Putra N,Widya Ruchiatna H., Nadia Intan Belinda, Adri Naufal S., Rizka Alifia Fardani

Pada Babak Final
Penasihat Hukum Terbaik ( Piala Dr. Otto Hasibuan, S.H, M. M) Kristin Sandi Tari P & Idriansyah Faqul Aslam
Penuntut Umum Terbaik (Piala Basrief Arief, S. H., M. H)Elisabeth Kezia L & Ahmad Firdaus M. 

and the last

Juara 3 NMCC ALSA INDONESIA 2014 !!!



Tak henti-hentinya kami mengucapkan banyak terimakasih atas segala bentuk dukungan materiil maupun immateriil dari pihak Rektorat Universitas Airlangga Surabaya, Dekanat Fakultas Hukum Universitas Airlangga, Dosen Pendamping tim delegasi Unair ; Prof. Dr. Nur Basuki Minarno, SH, M.Hum, & Pak Agung,  Mas-Mbak Alumni ALSA Lc Unair, Teman-teman ALSA Lc Unair & Fakultas Hukum Universitas Airlangga, orang tua & tim supporter.

Terimakasih kepada pihak-pihak yang telah memberi dukungan berupa sumbangan dana untuk Tim Delegasi Universitas Airlangga NMCC ALSA 2014, yakni PT. Varia Usaha & PT. Gresik Cipta Sejahtera.

Semoga kegiatan ini bermanfaat bagi kita semua. Dan prestasi dari teman-teman ALSA Lc Unair tidak berhenti sampai disini!

Sampai jumpa di NMCC ALSA Indonesia 2015 di Aceh (ALSA Lc Unsyiah)

ALSA, Always Be One!!

Tuesday, 18 February 2014

ALSA Indonesia Reunion



Dalam rangka mempererat hubungan silahturahmi antara seluruh anggota dan Alumni ALSA Indonesia, National Board akan mengadakan kegiatan yang bertajuk “ALSA Indonesia Reunion 2014” dengan mengusung tema “Far Apart in Miles,Together in Love”.Sehubungan dengan hal diatas, National Board selaku penyelenggara ALSA Indonesia Reunion bermaksud untuk mengundang seluruh anggota dan Alumni ALSA Local Chapter Universitas Airlangga untuk dapat hadir dalam acara tersebut yang akan diselenggarakan pada:

hari/tanggal : Sabtu & Minggu / 22 & 23 Februari 2014

tempat : Kuningan Village Futsal and Food Park Jl. Karbela Timur No. 1 Setiabudi, Jakarta Selatan KOI Restaurant Bar & Gallery Jl. Kemang Raya No. 72 Jakarta

Adapun rangkaian kegiatan yang akan diadakan adalah 

1. Sport Day

Dilaksanakan pada Sabtu, 22 Februari 2014 bertempat di Kuningan Village Futsal and Food Park Jl. Karbela Timur No. 1, Setiabudi,Jakarta Selatan. Turnamen ini khusus diadakan untuk Alumni ALSA Indonesia dengan cabang olahraga futsal. Setiap tim akan terdiri dari 7 (tujuh) orang laki-­‐laki dan perempuan yang akan ditentukan oleh panitia secara acak berdasarkan pendaftaran peserta. Adapun biaya pendaftaran adalah sebesar Rp 50.000 per individu. Apabila Kakak Alumni berkenan untuk bertanding, dapat mendaftarkan diri terlebih dahulu melalui Topan(081226414068) atau Dimas (089607148802) paling lambat tanggal 19 Februari 2014. Pembayaran dapat dilakukan melalui Rekening BNI dengan nomer 0199891271 atas nama Bryan Topan.

2. Gala Dinner

Dilaksanakan pada Minggu, 23 Februari 2014 bertempat di KOI Restaurant Bar & Gallery Jl. Kemang Raya No. 72 Jakarta. Acara terbuka untuk seluruh member dan Alumni ALSA Indonesia. Adapun biaya kontribusi untuk Alumni adalah sebesar Rp150.000 (meals &souvenirs) dan untuk Member adalah sebesar Rp125.000. Apabila teman-­teman berkenan untuk hadir, dapat mendaftarkan diri melalui External Affairs ALSA Local Chapter Universitas Airlangga. Pembayaran dapat dilakukan melalui Rekening BCA 4371080907 atas nama Frascilia Larasinta.

Thank You :)
ALSA Always Be One!

Sunday, 19 January 2014

Local Golden Ticket Semunas XXI ALSA Indonesia




LOCAL GOLDEN TICKET OF ALSA LOCAL CHAPTER UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA

Apa itu Local Golden Ticket of ALSA Lc UNAIR ? Local Golden Ticket adalah suatu program dari ALSA Lc UNAIR untuk membantu anggota ALSA Local Chapter UNAIR yang membutuhkan bantuan finansial untuk mengikuti acara nasional. Untuk pemberian Golden Ticket tersebut, ditujukan kepada anggota ALSA Lc UNAIR yang loyal dan berkeinginan kuat untuk mengikuti Semunas XXI ALSA Indonesia ini. Hanya ada 1 orang yang akan mendapatkan Golden Ticket ini. Syarat-syarat yang harus dipenuhi adalah sebagai berikut:
  • Menyertakan Curriculum Vitae;
  • Menyertakan Motivation Letter ingin menjadi delegasi Unair Golden Ticket dalam Semunas ALSA Indonesia XXI;
  • Menyertakan essay dengan tema “STRATEGI MENGATASI ANCAMAN KEPAILITAN TERHADAP PERUSAHAAN SOLVEN” dengan ketentuan:
  • Essay minimum 550 kata;
  • Dilarang plagiarism;
  • Sertakan footnote apabila dikutip dari sumber tertentu;
  • Menyertakan fotocopy KTM dan KHS dengan minimal IPK terakhir 3;
  • Telah mengikuti sedikitnya empat (4) kali acara local chapter;
  • Belum pernah mengikuti national maupun international event ALSA;
  • Memahami ALSA secara keseluruhan.
 Curriculum Vitae, Motivation Letter, dan essay dikirim melalui email dengan subjek NAMA_LOCALGOLDENTICKET_SEMUNASXXI2014_ ANGKATAN_NO.HP ke:
Divisi Eksternal ALSA LC Unair:
Kemal 11 (muhammadkemal93@gmail.com) atau Lita 11 (litasidabukke@yahoo.com)

Thank you, ALSA Always Be one !

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